Standards for Qualitative Research

Questionnaires and Measurement Tools

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Thanks to the recommendations of various colleagues, as e.g. Leisa Bellmore, the following widely used, validated and reliable standards can be listed which are a solid basis on building questionnaires in qualitative research:

MYMOP consists of an initial questionnaires form and one or more follow up forms. Online forms are available as well. In the form, particular symptoms are chosen by the client and scored initially and following up by a seven-point scale in regard of severity. And on a similar scale in regard of well-being. MYMOP forms are concise and need very few time. Prior to using MYMOP, registering here may help monitoring the scientific use of MYMOP.

The recommended link offers standard forms, online forms, short explanatory text, a demonstration video with a client and a link to the originator of this standard.

MYCaW is a MYMOP form adapted to cancer related issues  and other settings that need a delicate approach. The difference is the wording that puts symptoms in an altered aspect and includes a question that can be answered freely and individually. It can be registered to the MYMOP network as well by being mention as MYCaW variation.

HRQoL is offering standard questions that lead to a quantitative result in regard of occurrences of health impairement affecting the physical and mental level, as well as restriction of daily scores. It is provided in English and Spanish.


VAS is a widely used measurement tool for the intensity of pain. It is a single-item scale depicted on a vertical (VVAS) or horizontal line (HVAS), drawn in 10 cm in length and graduated in 10 units. Extreme ends are anchored with verbal description. Examples can be found here.

PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index is offered in English and German. It is restricted to sleep quality assessment over a 1-month period and is based on self-report by the client. The duration of attention for each form is estimated with 4-5 minutes.

The ESC happens every third year. The main goal: Exchange, inspiration and communication to support and develop the situation of Shiatsu in Europe.
Der ESC findet alle drei Jahre statt. Das Ziel: Austausch, Inspiration und Kommunikation zur Förderung und Weiterentwicklung von Shiatsu in Europa.

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